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The role of scaffolding and motivation in CSCL

Rienties, B, Giesbers, B, Tempelaar, D, Lygo-Baker, S, Segers, M and Gijselaers, W (2012) The role of scaffolding and motivation in CSCL COMPUTERS & EDUCATION, 59 (3). 893 - 906. ISSN 0360-1315

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Abstract

Recent findings from research into Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) have indicated that not all learners are able to successfully learn in online collaborative settings. Given that most online settings are characterised by minimal guidance, which require learners to be more autonomous and self-directed, CSCL may provide conditions more conducive to learners comfortable with greater autonomy. Using quasi-experimental research, this paper examines the impact of a redesign of an authentic CSCL environment, based upon principles of Problem-Based Learning, which aimed to provide a more explicit scaffolding of the learning phases for students. It was hypothesised that learners in a redesigned 'Optima' environment would reach higher levels of knowledge construction due to clearer scaffolding. Furthermore, it was expected that the redesign would produce a more equal spread in contributions to discourse for learners with different motivational profiles.In a quasi-experimental setting, 143 participants collaborated in an online setting aimed at enhancing their understanding of economics. Using a multi-method approach (Content Analysis, Social Network Analysis, measurement of Academic Motivation), the research results reveal the redesign triggered more equal levels of activity of autonomous and control-oriented learners, but also a decrease in input from the autonomous learners. The main conclusion from this study is that getting the balance between guidance and support right to facilitate both autonomous and control-oriented learners is a delicate complex issue. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computers and Education. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computers and Education, Vol 59, ISSUE 3, (2012) DOI 10.1016/j.compedu.2012.04.010
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Technology, Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications, Education & Educational Research, Computer Science, Academic motivation, Scaffolding, Social network analysis, Quasi-experimental design, Problem-based learning, Self-determination theory, Multi-method analysis, COLLABORATIVE LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, KNOWLEDGE CONSTRUCTION, AUTONOMY SUPPORT, CLARK 2006, ONLINE, STUDENTS, COMMUNICATION, EDUCATION, INQUIRY
Related URLs:
Divisions: Service Departments > Department of Higher Education
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2012 17:07
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:30
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/615479

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