Internationalization and innovation in tourism
Williams, AM and Shaw, G (2011) Internationalization and innovation in tourism Annals of Tourism Research, 38 (1). pp. 27-51.
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Internationalization and innovation are significant themes in tourism research whose inter-relationship has been largely neglected. Starting from the international economics literature, which focuses largely on the multinational enterprise, and on knowledge issues, the relationship can be conceptualised in three ways: internationalization is a form of innovation, successful internationalization requires innovation, and internationalization requires firms to have superior knowledge. Turning from this generic literature to the specificities of tourism, two aspects of the simultaneity of production and consumption critically shape internationalization: the requirement for co-presence, and consumer mobility. However, a firm-focussed approach fails to address the changing international environment of the enterprise, especially the increasing importance of global connectivity in relation to entrepreneurs, labour and tourists.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School|
|Date :||1 January 2011|
|Identification Number :||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2010.09.006|
|Additional Information :||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Annals of Tourism Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Annals of Tourism Research, 38(1), January 2011, DOI 10.1016/j.annals.2010.09.006.|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||13 Jan 2012 15:42|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 18:56|
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