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Accurate detection of out-of-control variations from digital camera devices

Bateman, P, Ho, ATS and Woodward, A (2010) Accurate detection of out-of-control variations from digital camera devices In: 2010 IEEE ISCAS, 2010-05-30 - 2010-06-02, Paris, France.

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In this paper, we propose the novel use of Statistical Process Control (SPC) as a tool for identifying anomalies in the image acquisition process of a digital camera, for the purpose of camera identification. Control charts are used to illustrate the overall level of control associated with several devices (models include Apple iPhone 3G and 3GS, Nokia N97, and Leica D-Lux4), which are in turn reviewed in accordance with the Western Electric Rules for identifying assignable causes for the observed variation. X-Moving Range and Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) control charts are used to highlight the variation for a subset of the devices. By implementing such a statistical model, the forensic investigator is much better positioned to understand the behaviour of a particular device, and is ultimately able to identify the most unstable feature of the cameras image acquisition process, thereby establishing a suitable fingerprint for matching images to their source.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Authors :
Bateman, P
Woodward, A
Date : 2010
DOI : 10.1109/ISCAS.2010.5537995
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:42
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:34

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