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Understanding and tackling gang violence

Bullock, KA and Tilley, N (2008) Understanding and tackling gang violence Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal., 10 (1). 36 - 47. ISSN 1460-3780

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Abstract

Gang-involved shootings comprise a serious problem. A Manchester-based project addressing the issue was tracked and its development is discussed. The initiative moved from a planned focus on the situational determinants of shootings, drawing on the successful Boston Gun Project, to one that focused instead on the social determinants of gang membership. The term “ gang ” itself is highly ambiguous. Equally there are difficulties in defining and operationalizing the concept of “ gang membership ” for preventative and enforcement purposes. Practical uncertainties followed for the identification of individuals who belong to gangs or are at risk of becoming members, and hence warrant special project attention. This intrinsic uncertainty paved the way for disagreements between the practitioners in their estimates of the risks of gang involvement faced by individuals, in the selection of young people to focus on within the project, and in levels of concern about the consequences that might follow from negatively stereotyping young people as gang members. It is concluded that it may be more effective and efficient to target specific patterns of violent behaviour rather than gang membership for preventative and enforcement attention.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal. The definitive publisher-authenticated version "Bullock KA, Tilley N (2008). Understanding and tackling gang violence. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal. 10(1):36-47" is available online at: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/cpcs/journal/v10/n1/index.html#ar
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Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences > Sociology
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2012 16:19
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:22
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/410695

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