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Techno-economic performance analysis of bio-oil based Fischer-Tropsch and CHP synthesis platform

Ng, KS and Sadhukhan, J (2011) Techno-economic performance analysis of bio-oil based Fischer-Tropsch and CHP synthesis platform BIOMASS & BIOENERGY, 35 (7). 3218 - 3234. ISSN 0961-9534

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Abstract

The techno-economic potential of the UK poplar wood and imported oil palm empty fruit bunch derived bio-oil integrated gasification and Fischer-Tropsch (BOIG-FT) systems for the generation of transportation fuels and combined heat and power (CHP) was investigated. The bio-oil was represented in terms of main chemical constituents, i.e. acetic acid, acetol and guaiacol. The compositional model of bio-oil was validated based on its performance through a gasification process. Given the availability of large scale gasification and FT technologies and logistic constraints in transporting biomass in large quantities, distributed bio-oil generations using biomass pyrolysis and centralised bio-oil processing in BOIG-FT system are technically more feasible. Heat integration heuristics and composite curve analysis were employed for once-through and full conversion configurations, and for a range of economies of scale, 1 MW, 675 MW and 1350 MW LHV of bio-oil. The economic competitiveness increases with increasing scale. A cost of production of FT liquids of 78.7 Euro/MWh was obtained based on 80.12 Euro/MWh of electricity, 75 Euro/t of bio-oil and 116.3 million Euro/y of annualised capital cost.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in BIOMASS & BIOENERGY. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in BIOMASS & BIOENERGY, 35(7), July 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.04.037.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gasification, Fischer-Tropsch, Polygeneration, Bio-oil, Energy efficiency, Biorefinery
Related URLs:
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2012 08:39
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:21
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/406521

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