Facial Action Unit Recognition using Filtered Local Binary Pattern Features with Bootstrapped and Weighted ECOC Classifiers
Smith, RS and Windeatt, T (2011) Facial Action Unit Recognition using Filtered Local Binary Pattern Features with Bootstrapped and Weighted ECOC Classifiers Studies in Computational Intelligence, 373/20. 1 - 20. ISSN 1860-949X
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Within the context face expression classification using the facial action coding system (FACS), we address the problem of detecting facial action units (AUs). The method adopted is to train a single error-correcting output code (ECOC) multiclass classifier to estimate the probabilities that each one of several commonly occurring AU groups is present in the probe image. Platt scaling is used to calibrate the ECOC outputs to probabilities and appropriate sums of these probabilities are taken to obtain a separate probability for each AU individually. Feature extraction is performed by generating a large number of local binary pattern (LBP) features and then selecting from these using fast correlation-based filtering (FCBF). The bias and variance properties of the classifier are measured and we show that both these sources of error can be reduced by enhancing ECOC through the application of bootstrapping and class-separability weighting.
|Additional Information:||The original publication is available at <a href="http://www.springerlink.com/content/5677244w70071102/"</a>|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Centre for Vision Speech and Signal Processing|
|Depositing User:||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited:||17 Feb 2012 08:06|
|Last Modified:||23 Sep 2013 18:55|
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