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Life cycle assessment (LCA) of an integrated biomass gasification combined cycle IBGCQ with CO2 removal

Carpentieri, M, Corti, A and Lombardi, L (2005) Life cycle assessment (LCA) of an integrated biomass gasification combined cycle IBGCQ with CO2 removal Energy Conversion and Management, 46 (11-12). 1790 - 1808. ISSN 0196-8904

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Abstract

Based on the results of previous studies, the efficiency of a Brayton/Hirn combined cycle fuelled with a clean syngas produced by means of biomass gasification and equipped with CO2 removal by chemical absorption reached 33.94%, considering also the separate CO,) compression process. The specific CO2, emission of the power plant was 178 kg/MW h. In comparison with values previously found for an integrated coal gasification combined cycle (ICGCC) with upstream CO2 chemical absorption (38-39% efficiency, 130kg/MWh specific CO2 emissions), this configuration seems to be attractive because of the possibility of operating with a simplified scheme and because of the possibility of using biomass in a more efficient way with respect to conventional systems. In this paper, a life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted with presenting the results on the basis of the Eco-Indicator 95 impact assessment methodology. Further, a comparison with the results previously obtained for the LCA of the ICGCC was performed in order to highlight the environmental impact of biomass production with fossil fuels utilisation. The LCA shows the important environmental advantages of biomass utilisation in terms of reduction of both greenhouse gas emissions and natural resource depletion, although an improved impact assessment methodology may better highlight the advantages due to the biomass utilisation. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: LCA analysis, biomass gasification, CO2 removal, coal gasification
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2011 04:36
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2013 12:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/3013

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