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The incorporation of mono- and bi-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes in organic photovoltaic cells.

Sadhu, V, Nismy, NA, Adikaari, AA, Henley, SJ, Shkunov, M and Silva, SRP (2011) The incorporation of mono- and bi-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes in organic photovoltaic cells. Nanotechnology, 22 (26). 265607 - ?. ISSN 0957-4484

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Abstract

We have successfully prepared mono- and bi-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) with thiophene, amine and thiophene-amine groups. The dispersion of nanotubes has been enhanced and stable optimized dispersions in organic solvents were obtained. These functionalized nanotubes have been successfully incorporated into bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells with a poly (3-hexyl thiophene) (P3HT) and [ 6,6]-phenyl-C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) photoactive blended layer. The incorporation of MWCNT with different functional groups, in the active layer, results in different cell performance with respect to a reference cell. A maximum power conversion efficiency of 2.5% is achieved with the inclusion of thiophene functionalized nanotubes. This improvement in the device performance is attributed to an extension of the exciton dissociation volume and charge transport properties through the nanotube percolation network in P3HT/CNT, PCBM/CNT or both phases. This is believed to be due to more efficient dispersion of the functionalized nanotubes within the photoactive composite layer.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Advanced Technology Institute > Nano-Electronics Centre
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2011 04:47
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2013 12:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/3011

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