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Varying solvent polarity to tune the enantioselective quenching of a calixarene host

Lynam, C and Diamond, D (2005) Varying solvent polarity to tune the enantioselective quenching of a calixarene host JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 15 (2). 307 - 314. ISSN 0959-9428

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Calixarene L1 has been designed to behave as a fluorescent molecular sensor capable of distinguishing between chiral amines oil the basis of their size and chirality. Fluorescence quenching studies of calixarene L1 in methanol demonstrated no enantiomeric selectivity for a short chain amino alcohol, phenylglycinol, while excellent selectivity was observed for a longer chain amino alcohol, phenylalaninol (PA). The effect of solvent on the fluorescent properties of this calixarene in the presence of PA has been studied, and demonstrates that varying solvent polarity allows the wavelength of enantiomer selectivity to be tuned from 227 rim to 440 rim. While enantiomeric selectivity is observed in methanol at 227 rim, no discrimination is achieved in acetonitrile. Chiral discrimination is statistically possible with L1 and PA in chloroform at 227 rim, but it is not comparable with the extent of discrimination achieved in methanol. In chloroform a new emission hand at a longer wavelength (440 nm) is formed with R-PA in solution with L1, an effect that is not observed with the S-enantiomer. This new band in chloroform at 440 rim allows very effective chiral discrimination and has been attributed to the presence of two different conformations of calixarene L1, which is reinforced by H-1-NMR Studies and molecular modelling studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Technology, Chemistry, Physical, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary, Chemistry, Materials Science, CHIRAL RECOGNITION, AMINES, CALIX<4>ARENE, FLUORESCENCE
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Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2011 11:00
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2013 12:08

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