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Phenethyl isothiocyanate, a naturally occurring phytochemical, is an antagonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor.

Abdull Razis, AF, Konsue, N, Dervetzoglou, M, Plant, KE, Plant, N and Ioannides, C (2011) Phenethyl isothiocyanate, a naturally occurring phytochemical, is an antagonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Mol Nutr Food Res.

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Scope: The aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor is a ligand-activated transcription factor that is activated by many carcinogens, and its target gene products play a major role in tumour development, so that antagonists of the Ah receptor represent potential chemopreventive agents. Methods and results: Experimental evidence is presented herein that phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a phytochemical present in cruciferous vegetables, is such an antagonist. PEITC was a very weak ligand to the Ah receptor, as assessed using the chemical-activated luciferase expression (CALUX) assay, and a poor inducer of CYP1A1 mRNA levels when incubated in precision-cut rat liver slices for 24 h. It antagonised effectively, however, the interaction of benzo[a]pyrene to the receptor, being capable of preventing its binding as well as displacing it from the receptor. Moreover, PEITC suppressed in concentration-dependent manner the benzo[a]pyrene-mediated rise in rat hepatic CYP1A1 mRNA levels in rat slices. Finally, PEITC antagonised the benzo[a]pyrene-mediated increase in the O-deethylation of ethoxyresorufin in both rat and human precision-cut liver slices. Conclusion: It is concluded that PEITC is an effective antagonist of the Ah receptor in rat and human liver, and this potential may contribute to its established chemopreventive activity.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Abdull Razis, AF
Konsue, N
Dervetzoglou, M
Plant, KE
Plant, N
Ioannides, C
Date : 16 December 2011
DOI : 10.1002/mnfr.201100548
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:40
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:29

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