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Nuclear translocation of calcineurin A but not calcineurin A by platelet-derived growth factor in rat aortic smooth muscle

Jabr, R, Wilson, AJ, Riddervold, MH, Jenkins, AH, Perrino, BA and Clapp, LH (2007) Nuclear translocation of calcineurin A but not calcineurin A by platelet-derived growth factor in rat aortic smooth muscle American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology, 292. c2213-c2225.

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00139.2005.—Calcineurin regulates the proliferation of many cell types through activation of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). Two main isoforms of the calcineurin catalytic subunit [calcineurin A (CnA) and CnA ] have been identified, although their expression and function are largely unknown in smooth muscle. Western blot analysis and confocal imaging were performed in freshly isolated and cultured rat aortic myocytes to identify these CnA isoforms and elucidate the effect of PDGF on their cellular distribution and interaction with NFAT isoforms. CnA and CnA isoforms displayed differential cellular distribution, with CnA being evenly distributed between the nucleus and cytosol and CnA being restricted to the cytosol. In contrast with the rat brain, we found no evidence for particulate/ membrane localization of calcineurin. PDGF caused significant nuclear translocation of CnA and induced smooth muscle cell proliferation, with both effects being abrogated by the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporin A, the novel NFAT inhibitors A-285222 and inhibitor of NFAT-calcineurin association-6, and the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin. PDGF also caused cyclosporin A-sensitive translocation of NFATc3, with no apparent effect on either CnA or NFATc1 distribution. Moreover, 87% of nuclear CnA was found to colocalize with NFATc3, consistent with the finding that CnA bound more avidly than CnA to a glutathione S-transferase-NFATc3 fusion protein. Based on their differential distribution in aortic muscle, our results suggest that CnA and CnA are likely to have different cellular functions. However, CnA appears to be specifically activated by PDGF, and we postulate that calcineurin-dependent nuclear translocation of NFATc3 is involved in smooth muscle proliferation induced by this mitogen.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Jabr, R
Wilson, AJ
Riddervold, MH
Jenkins, AH
Perrino, BA
Clapp, LH
Date : 15 February 2007
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:40
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:29

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