Comparative analysis of mRNA targets for human PUF-family proteins suggests extensive interaction with the miRNA regulatory system.
Galgano, A, Forrer, M, Jaskiewicz, L, Kanitz, A, Zavolan, M and Gerber, AP (2008) Comparative analysis of mRNA targets for human PUF-family proteins suggests extensive interaction with the miRNA regulatory system. PLoS One, 3 (9).
Galgano et al. 2008 PLoS One.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.
Genome-wide identification of mRNAs regulated by RNA-binding proteins is crucial to uncover post-transcriptional gene regulatory systems. The conserved PUF family RNA-binding proteins repress gene expression post-transcriptionally by binding to sequence elements in 3'-UTRs of mRNAs. Despite their well-studied implications for development and neurogenesis in metazoa, the mammalian PUF family members are only poorly characterized and mRNA targets are largely unknown. We have systematically identified the mRNAs associated with the two human PUF proteins, PUM1 and PUM2, by the recovery of endogenously formed ribonucleoprotein complexes and the analysis of associated RNAs with DNA microarrays. A largely overlapping set comprised of hundreds of mRNAs were reproducibly associated with the paralogous PUM proteins, many of them encoding functionally related proteins. A characteristic PUF-binding motif was highly enriched among PUM bound messages and validated with RNA pull-down experiments. Moreover, PUF motifs as well as surrounding sequences exhibit higher conservation in PUM bound messages as opposed to transcripts that were not found to be associated, suggesting that PUM function may be modulated by other factors that bind conserved elements. Strikingly, we found that PUF motifs are enriched around predicted miRNA binding sites and that high-confidence miRNA binding sites are significantly enriched in the 3'-UTRs of experimentally determined PUM1 and PUM2 targets, strongly suggesting an interaction of human PUM proteins with the miRNA regulatory system. Our work suggests extensive connections between the RBP and miRNA post-transcriptional regulatory systems and provides a framework for deciphering the molecular mechanism by which PUF proteins regulate their target mRNAs.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > Microbial and Cellular Sciences|
|Identification Number :||10.1371/journal.pone.0003164|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||Amino Acid Motifs, Animals, Binding Sites, DNA Primers, Drosophila melanogaster, Gene Expression Regulation, HeLa Cells, Humans, MicroRNAs, Multigene Family, Protein Binding, RNA, Messenger, RNA-Binding Proteins|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||15 Mar 2012 14:20|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 19:13|
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