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Reduction of paraquat-induced renal cytotoxicity by manganese and copper complexes of EGTA and EHPG

Samai, M, Hague, TA, Naughton, DP, Gard, PR and Chatterjee, PK (2008) Reduction of paraquat-induced renal cytotoxicity by manganese and copper complexes of EGTA and EHPG Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 44 (4). 711 - 721. ISSN 0891-5849

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Abstract

Superoxide anion generation plays an important role in the development of paraquat toxicity. Although superoxide dismutase mimetics (SODm) have provided protection against organ injury involving generation of superoxide anions, they often suffer problems, e.g., regarding their bioavailability or potential pro-oxidant activity. The aim here was to investigate and compare the therapeutic potential of two novel SODm, manganese(II) and copper(II) complexes of the calcium chelator ethylenebis(oxyethylenenitrilo)tetraacetic acid (EGTA) and of the contrast agent ethylenebis(hydroxyphenylglycine) (EHPG), against paraquat-induced renal toxicity in vitro. Incubation of renal NRK-52E cells with paraquat (1 mM) for 24 h produced submaximal, yet significant, reduction in cellular viability and cell death and produced significant increases in superoxide anion and hydroxyl radical generation. Manganese and copper complexes of EGTA (10–100 μM) and EHPG (30–100 μM) reduced paraquat-induced renal cell toxicity and reduced superoxide anion and hydroxyl radical generation significantly. Manganese complexes displayed greater efficacy than copper complexes and, at equivalent concentrations, manganese complexed with EHPG provided the greatest protection. Furthermore, these metal complexes did not interfere with the uptake of [methyl-14C]paraquat into NRK-52E cells, suggesting that they provided protection against paraquat cytotoxicity via intracellular mechanisms. These complexes did not display cytotoxicity at the concentrations examined. Together, these results suggest that manganese and copper complexes of EGTA and EHPG, and especially the manganese–EHPG complex, could provide benefit against paraquat nephrotoxicity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Free Radical Biology and Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Free Radical Biology and Medicine,44(4) February 2008, 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.11.001.
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > Biochemistry and Physiology
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2012 13:58
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:12
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/205783

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