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Claustrophobia in MRI: the role of cognitions

Thorpe, S, Salkovskis, PM and Dittner, A (2008) Claustrophobia in MRI: the role of cognitions Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 26 (8). 1081 - 1088. ISSN 0730-725X

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the role of cognitive and behavioural factors in the experience of claustrophobia in the context of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirty outpatients attending an MRI unit completed questionnaires before and after their scans. Specific measures of experience in the scanner included subjective anxiety, panic symptoms, strategies used to stay calm and negative cognitions (such as 'I will suffocate' and 'I am going to faint in here'). Other general measures used included anxiety, depression, health anxiety and fears of restriction and suffocation. Results: The amount of anxiety experienced during the scan was related to the perceived amount of time spent having physical symptoms of panic. Cognitions reported concerned the following: suffocation, harm caused by the machine and lack of perceived control. The number of strategies patients used to cope in the machine was also a related factor. Neither position in the scanner, nor head coil use nor previous experience of being in the scanner was related to levels of anxiety. Conclusion: The cognitions identified here may be used to construct a measure to identify those unable to enter the scanner or those most likely to become claustrophobic whilst undergoing the procedure and to further inform future brief, effective interventions. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MRI claustrophobia cognition fear intervention RESONANCE-IMAGING SCANS ANXIETY FEAR REDUCTION INVENTORY BEHAVIOR EXPOSURE COMMUNICATION SYMPTOMS BELIEFS
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2010 10:20
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2014 13:26
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/2043

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