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Referral to a new psychological therapy service is associated with reduced utilisation of healthcare and sickness absence by people with common mental health problems: a before and after comparison.

de Lusignan, S, Chan, T, Parry, G, Dent-Brown, K and Kendrick, T (2011) Referral to a new psychological therapy service is associated with reduced utilisation of healthcare and sickness absence by people with common mental health problems: a before and after comparison. J Epidemiol Community Health.

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Abstract

BackgroundImproving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) is a new programme designed to reduce disease burden to the individual and economic burden to the society of common mental health problems (CMHP). This is the first study to look at the impact of IAPT on health service utilisation and sickness absence using routine data.MethodThe authors used pseudonymised secure and privately linked (SAPREL) routinely collected primary, secondary care and clinic computer data from two pilot localities. The authors explored antidepressant prescribing, accident and emergency and outpatients attendances, inpatient stays, bed days, and sick certification. The authors compared the registered population with those with CMHP. The authors then made a 6 months before and after comparison of people referred to IAPT with age-sex and practice-matched controls.ResultsPeople with CMHP used more health resources than those without CMHP: more prescriptions of antidepressants 5.25 (95% CI 5.38 to 5.13), inpatient episodes 4.89 (95% CI 5.0 to 4.79), occupied bed days 1.25 (95% CI 0.95 to 1.55), outpatient 1.5 (95% CI 1.40 to 1.63) and emergency department attendances 0.34 (95% CI 0.31 to 0.37), and medical certificates 0.29 (95% CI 0.26 to 0.32). Comparison of service utilisation 6 months before and after referral to IAPT was associated with reduced use of emergency department attendances (mean difference: 0.12 (95% CI 0.06 to 0.19, p<0.001)). However, the number of prescriptions of antidepressants increased mean difference -0.15 (95% CI 0.02-0.29, p=0.028).ConclusionsPeople with CMHP use more healthcare resources. Referral to the IAPT programme is associated with a subsequent reduction in emergency department attendances, sickness certification and improved adherence to drug treatment.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
de Lusignan, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chan, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Parry, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dent-Brown, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kendrick, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 3 October 2011
Identification Number : 10.1136/jech.2011.139873
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 15:05
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:26
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/189414

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