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The effects of growth hormone and/or testosterone on whole body protein kinetics and skeletal muscle gene expression in healthy elderly men: A randomized controlled trial

Giannoulis, MG, Jackson, N, Shojaee-Moradie, F, Nair, KS, Sonksen, PH, Martin, FC and Umpleby, AM (2008) The effects of growth hormone and/or testosterone on whole body protein kinetics and skeletal muscle gene expression in healthy elderly men: A randomized controlled trial JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 93 (8). 3066 - 3074. ISSN 0021-972X

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Abstract

Context: Alterations of protein turnover may contribute to the progressive decline of muscle mass with ageing.

Objective: The effects of near physiological recombinant growth hormone (GH) and /or testosterone (T) administration to older men on whole body protein kinetics (WBPK) and muscle gene expression.

Design, settings, and participants: A six months randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial in twenty one healthy elderly men aged 65 to 75 years. Participants were randomised to receive placebo GH and placebo T (P), GH and placebo T (GH), T and placebo GH (T) or GH and T (GHT).

Interventions: Leucine rate of appearance (Ra, index of proteolysis), non-oxidative leucine disposal Rd (NOLD, an index of protein synthesis) and leucine oxidation rate were measured with an infusion of L- [1-13C] leucine. Muscle biopsies for the measurement of gene expression, body composition and aerobic capacity (VO2max).

Results: Serum IGF-I levels increased significantly with GH and GHT (p<0.001) compared to placebo. T increased significantly only in the T group (P=0.028). Leucine Ra and NOLD increased with GH (P=0.015, P=0.019) and GHT (P=0.017, P=0.02) but leucine oxidation did not change significantly in any treatment group. Mid thigh muscle mass and VO2max increased (P<0.04) with GHT only. Expression of muscle function genes did not change significantly but the within group comparisons revealed a significant increase of androgen receptor expression in the GHT group (P=0.001).

Conclusion: This study showed that 6 months treatment with low dose GH alone or with T in healthy elderly men produces comparable increments in whole body protein turnover and protein synthesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Endocrinology & Metabolism, MYOSIN HEAVY-CHAIN, 60 YEARS OLD, RESISTANCE EXERCISE, DEFICIENT ADULTS, AGED WOMEN, IGF-I, METABOLISM, STRENGTH, TURNOVER, INSULIN
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Divisions: Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > Clinical Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Adam Field
Date Deposited: 27 May 2010 14:43
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 18:34
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/1671

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