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Single-atom switching in photonic crystals

Florescu, M and John, S (2001) Single-atom switching in photonic crystals Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 64 (3). 033801/1 - 033801/21. ISSN 1050-2947

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We describe the role of first non-Markovian corrections to resonance fluorescence in photonic crystals, using a perturbative expansion of the Heisenberg equations of motion in powers of the atom-field reservoir coupling strength. Non-Markovian effects arise from the rapid variation of the photonic density of states with frequency. Our method recaptures the physics of the photon-atom bound state in the presence of a full photonic band gap. For the anisotropic three-dimensional photonic band gap, it predicts remarkable features in the resonance fluorescence, such as atomic population inversion and switching behavior in a two-level atom for moderate values of the applied laser field. The magnitude of the switching effect depends sensitively on the external laser intensity and its detuning frequency from the atomic transition. The robustness of this effect against nonradiative decay and dephasing mechanisms is also investigated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2001 The American Physical Society.
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2012 10:12
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:05

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