Flood risk, vulnerability and environmental justice: evidence and evaluation of inequality in a UK context
Walker, G and Burningham, K (2011) Flood risk, vulnerability and environmental justice: evidence and evaluation of inequality in a UK context Critical Social Policy, 31 (2). 216 - 240. ISSN 0261-0183
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0261018310396149
Flooding has only relatively recently been considered as an environmental justice issue. In this paper we focus on flooding as a distinct form of environmental risk and examine some of the key evidence and analysis that is needed to underpin an environmental justice framing of flood risk and flood impacts. We review and examine the UK situation and the body of existing research literature on flooding to fill out our understanding of the patterns of social inequality that exist in relation to both flood risk exposure and vulnerability to the diverse impacts of flooding. We then consider the various ways in which judgements might be made about the injustice or justice of these inequalities and the ways in which they are being sustained or responded to by current flood policy and practice. We conclude that there is both evidence of significant inequalities and grounds on which claims of injustice might be made, but that further work is needed to investigate each of these. The case for pursuing the framing of flooding as an environmental justice issue is also made.
|Additional Information:||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Critical Social Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Critical Social Policy, 31 (2), 2011, DOI 10.1177/0261018310396149. © Sage Publications.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||environmental injustice, environmental risk, flood impacts, flood risk exposure, social inequality|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy|
Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences > Sociology
|Deposited By:||Symplectic Elements|
|Deposited On:||24 Nov 2011 17:19|
|Last Modified:||20 Mar 2013 13:59|
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