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Drift bifurcations of relative equilibria and transitions of spiral waves

Ashwin, Peter, Melbourne, Ian and Nicol, Matthew (1999) Drift bifurcations of relative equilibria and transitions of spiral waves Nonlinearity, 12. pp. 741-755.


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We consider dynamical systems that are equivariant under a noncompact Lie group of symmetries and the drift of relative equilibria in such systems. In particular, we investigate how the drift for a parametrized family of normally hyperbolic relative equilibria can change character at what we call a `drift bifurcation'. To do this, we use results of Arnold to analyse parametrized families of elements in the Lie algebra of the symmetry group.

We examine effects in physical space of such drift bifurcations for planar reaction-diffusion systems and note that these effects can explain certain aspects of the transition from rigidly rotating spirals to rigidly propagating `retracting waves'. This is a bifurcation observed in numerical simulations of excitable media where the rotation rate of a family of spirals slows down and gives way to a semi-infinite translating wavefront.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Authors :
Ashwin, Peter
Nicol, Matthew
Date : 25 February 1999
Additional Information : This is an author-prepared, peer-reviewed PDF of an article published in Nonlinearity, 12, 741-755. © 1999 IOP Publishing Ltd. Click here to visit the journal website.
Depositing User : Mr Adam Field
Date Deposited : 27 May 2010 14:40
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:01

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