Optimisation of energy absorbing liner for equestrian helmets Part I: Layered foam Liner
Forero Rueda, M, Cui, L and Gilchrist, MD (2009) Optimisation of energy absorbing liner for equestrian helmets Part I: Layered foam Liner Materials & Design, 30 (9). 3405 - 3413. ISSN 0264-1275
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The energy absorbing foam liner used in safety helmets was optimised using finite element modelling. Computational simulations of certification standard tests were carried out to obtain the best performing configurations of helmet liner. For each test condition, the best configuration of helmet liner was identified. Two alternative designs were considered: the first was composed of three layers of different foam density, the second was a conventional liner of one single uniform density. The observed reduction in peak acceleration for the best performing helmet liners in various test conditions are directly related to the contact area, the distribution of material stresses and the dissipated plastic energy density (DPED). Peak linear accelerations are shown to be lowered by increasing the contact areas of the inner and outer surfaces of the energy absorbing liner, or by varying the foam density through the thickness of the liner to ensure that the foam absorbs energy plastically when the stress reaches the late plateau stage of the foam stress–strain curve.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering|
|Date :||1 January 2009|
|Identification Number :||10.1016/j.matdes.2009.03.037|
|Additional Information :||Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Materials & Design. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Materials & Design, Vol 30, Issue 9, 2009 DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.03.037|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||02 Feb 2012 09:26|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 19:01|
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