Associative sequence learning: the role of experience in the development of imitation and the mirror system.
Catmur, C, Walsh, V and Heyes, C (2009) Associative sequence learning: the role of experience in the development of imitation and the mirror system. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences, 364 (1528). 2369 - 2380. ISSN 0962-8436
CATMUR 2009 Associative sequence learning.pdf
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A core requirement for imitation is a capacity to solve the correspondence problem; to map observed onto executed actions, even when observation and execution yield sensory inputs in different modalities and coordinate frames. Until recently, it was assumed that the human capacity to solve the correspondence problem is innate. However, it is now becoming apparent that, as predicted by the associative sequence learning model, experience, and especially sensorimotor experience, plays a critical role in the development of imitation. We review evidence from studies of non-human animals, children and adults, focusing on research in cognitive neuroscience that uses training and naturally occurring variations in expertise to examine the role of experience in the formation of the mirror system. The relevance of this research depends on the widely held assumption that the mirror system plays a causal role in generating imitative behaviour. We also report original data supporting this assumption. These data show that theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation of the inferior frontal gyrus, a classical mirror system area, disrupts automatic imitation of finger movements. We discuss the implications of the evidence reviewed for the evolution, development and intentional control of imitation.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences > Psychology|
|Date :||27 August 2009|
|Identification Number :||10.1098/rstb.2009.0048|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||Animals, Association Learning, Brain, Humans, Imitative Behavior, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Motor Activity, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation|
|Related URLs :|
|Additional Information :||This is an electronic version of n article published as: Catmur C, Walsh V, Heyes C (2009). Associative sequence learning: the role of experience in the development of imitation and the mirror system. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences 364(1528):2369-2380 Available online at: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/364/1528/2369.full.pdf+html|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||24 Jul 2012 16:03|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 19:01|
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